Dry Socket People are getting their teeth extracted because of poor oral hygiene and many other reasons. As poor oral hygiene has caused tooth decay or cavities and they can no longer stand the pain. Normally, after the tooth is extracted, one can feel relieved of the pain and ache. But if the blood clot formed during extraction does not heal then the result is dry socket occurrence. It is the most common complication following tooth extractions i.e. the removal of third molars.
Dry socket is technically known as alveolar osteitis. Dry sockets can occur following any tooth extraction but they almost only are limited to the removal of teeth in the lower jaw. Rarely, 10% is the probability of an occurrence of a dry socket after the surgery. Dry socket (alveolar osteitis) is a painful condition that sometimes happens after you have a permanent tooth extracted. Dry socket is when the blood clot at the site of the tooth extraction fails to develop, or it dissolves before the wound has healed. Normally, grime forms at the location of tooth extraction.
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This grime is a protective layer over the underlying bone and nerve endings within the empty alveolus. The clot also inspires the expansion of the latest bone and the event of sentimental tissue over the clot. Exposure of the underlying bone and nerves leads to intense pain, not only within the socket but also along the nerves radiating to the side of your face. The socket becomes inflamed and may fill with the food debris, resulting in adding pain.
Normally, after a tooth is extracted, a blood clot is formed as the first step in healing to protect the underlying jawbone.
FUNCTIONS OF BLOOD CLOT
The blood clot contains two functions that are as under:
★ It stops the area from bleeding.
★ It stimulates bone healing.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DRY SOCKET
It May Include:
★ Severe pain within a few days after tooth extraction.
★ Partial or total loss of the blood clot at the extraction site, which you may observe as an empty-looking dry socket.
★ Jaw bone may be visible in the socket and the surrounding tissues may turn into grey color due to poor healing.
★ Immense pain from the socket that radiates to a person’s eye, ear or neck on the same side where the extraction occurs.
★ Unpleasant taste in the mouth.
FACTORS THAT LEAD TO DRY SOCKET
In general, a dry socket is a result of the following factors:
★ CHEMICAL FACTORS:
The drug, nicotine used by smokers causes a decrease in blood supply in the mouth. Therefore, blood clots may fail to form at the site of tooth extraction.
★ BACTERIAL FACTORS:
Pre-existing infection that is present in the mouth before a tooth extraction can cause the breakdown of a blood clot.
★ MECHANICAL FACTORS:
Sucking through a straw, spitting, or dragging on a cigarette causes loss of blood clot.
★ PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS:
Hormones or an inadequate supply of blood are factors that prevent blood clot formation.
DIAGNOSIS OF DRY SOCKET
The diagnosis of a dry socket is based on the treatment and the individual’s symptoms. However, immense pain is an indication that healing is being delayed and could be due to a dry socket. Normally, symptoms for a dry socket develop two to four days after tooth extraction. X-ray is conducted for the further diagnosis of whether fragments of the bone are left and roots are causing the pain.
TREATMENT OF DRY SOCKET
★ The dentist will gently clear the socket from the food debris.
★ Next, an analgesic medicated dressing is placed in the socked for the healing of bones and instant relief. The dressing replaces after two to three days.
★ The dressing is coated with ‘dry socket paste’ that includes pain-relieving ingredients i.e. Eugenol (clove oil).
★ Medications are provided for pain and inflammation. Usually, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed for pain.
PREVENTION FROM DRY SOCKET
Some tips for preventing dry socket are as follows:
★ Avoid having tobacco, cigarettes, hot and carbonated drinks as drugs can inhibit blood clotting.
★ Be careful while brushing the teeth and do not brush directly at the extraction site.
★ Oral hygiene should be practiced more for avoiding tooth extraction.
★ Avoid indulging in sports activities and have proper rest for preventing dry socket.
If you have a dry socket, be sure to contact your dentist immediately so you can get fast pain relief.
For more oral care tips, visit Toothbrush Life