Impending Hospital Closure Rattles Atlanta Health Care Landscape and Political Races


ATLANTA — Like many neighborhoods in cities throughout the nation, Atlanta’s Outdated Fourth Ward is altering.

Apartment buildings and trendy minimalist houses punctuate metropolis blocks of low-income housing. Many longtime residents of the historic neighborhood the place Martin Luther King Jr. was born have been priced out and pushed to different elements of city.

Atlanta Medical Middle, a 460-bed Stage 1 trauma middle, would be the subsequent fixture to alter.

Regardless of banners proclaiming the hospital’s dedication to the world — “120 Years Caring For Atlanta,” one reads — its nonprofit proprietor, Wellstar Well being System, lately introduced plans to shut the hospital’s doorways on Nov. 1.

Georgia has seen a number of rural hospitals shutter prior to now decade, however this 12 months Atlanta has joined different city facilities with facility closures, together with a earlier downsizing at a facility within the close by metropolis of East Level.

The Wellstar announcement has stoked the political debate over Medicaid enlargement forward of the Nov. 8 midterm elections. Like 11 different states, Georgia has not expanded eligibility guidelines for its Medicaid program underneath the Inexpensive Care Act, and hospital officers throughout the state say inaction has harm their backside strains as a result of they nonetheless deal with excessive numbers of uninsured sufferers, lots of whom can not pay for therapy.

The Wellstar announcement shocked metropolis officers, together with the mayor, Andre Dickens, in addition to different members of the neighborhood.

On a latest weekday morning, Teresa Smith, 60, who lives within the neighborhood, mentioned she often receives care there for a continual digestive concern. “This hospital might be missed by the entire neighborhood,” she mentioned.

Liliana Bakhtiari, the Atlanta Metropolis Council member whose district contains the hospital, was sharp in her evaluation. “There might be lack of life and important accidents that won’t be taken care of, and I want that mattered extra to Wellstar,” she mentioned.

Wellstar declined KHN’s request for an interview in regards to the closure.

Nancy Kane, an adjunct professor at Harvard’s T.H. Chan College of Public Well being, sees connections between the Atlanta state of affairs and hospital closures in different main cities.

Many had been acquired by massive well being care corporations as a part of bundle offers, and served largely low-income, minority populations.

“Should you purchase a hospital, it is best to have an obligation to repair it up,” mentioned Kane. “Wellstar has the funds to speculate on this hospital. It’s a selection.”

Some neighborhood members wonder if the hospital closure will result in a dear actual property growth on the roughly 20 acres Wellstar owns within the neighborhood.

Randy Pimsler, an architect whose agency has designed initiatives within the space, mentioned “it may turn out to be a clean slate, both for redevelopment or for brand spanking new growth.”

Politicians have been fast to show the closing right into a marketing campaign concern. And on the middle of the talk is Gov. Brian Kemp’s well being care coverage.

The Kemp group is working to place collectively a long-term plan for strengthening well being care within the space after the closure, mentioned Andrew Isenhour, a Kemp spokesperson. Kemp, a Republican who’s working for a second time period in November, is unlikely to try to keep the facility open.

However officers on the nonprofit Grady Well being System mentioned this week that they’ve met with Kemp’s workplace, Dickens, and officers from Fulton and DeKalb counties a few monetary infusion of state funding that will help capital wants at Grady Memorial Hospital, a Stage 1 trauma middle a few mile from Atlanta Medical Middle.

Grady is anticipating as many as 2,500 further emergency room visits a month after Atlanta Medical Middle shuts its doorways.

“We are able to soak up all of the trauma,” mentioned John Haupert, CEO of Grady Well being System. Nonetheless, the added ER crunch might be a problem with extra sufferers arriving, mentioned Ryan Loke, chief well being coverage officer for Grady.

State funding would speed up Grady’s present plans to transform places of work into inpatient care areas, which might add greater than 180 grownup beds as quickly as a 12 months from now. The hospital is also including 40 to 45 beds over the subsequent six weeks, and is planning to put in a 24-bed discipline hospital to assist deal with the affected person circulate from the closed hospital.

The closing places Medicaid enlargement “entrance and middle” within the political dialog, Haupert mentioned. Kemp has proposed a restricted plan that will supply entry to the state-federal insurance coverage program to individuals who can fulfill a piece requirement or comparable obligation.

His challenger, Democrat Stacey Abrams, has lengthy made increasing Medicaid a high marketing campaign concern.

“That is not a shock,” Abrams mentioned. “It’s anticipated to occur as a result of the Kemp administration refuses to take motion.”

U.S. Sen. Raphael Warnock (D-Ga.), pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, which is lower than a mile from the hospital, has additionally decried the closure and cited the pressure on well being care services attributable to Georgia’s refusal to develop Medicaid. Wellstar officers have mentioned that Medicaid enlargement alone wouldn’t have stored the Atlanta facility open.

Earlier this 12 months, Wellstar stopped offering emergency room and inpatient companies at its hospital in East Level, simply southwest of Atlanta. On the time, it mentioned these sufferers might be seen at Atlanta Medical Middle, about 8 miles away. Haupert estimated it could price a whole lot of hundreds of thousands of {dollars} to modernize the soon-to-close Atlanta hospital, which is what made a rescue troublesome.

The closures only a few months aside may assist Abrams’ arguments for Medicaid enlargement resonate with voters, mentioned Andra Gillespie, an affiliate professor of political science at Emory College. “A problem that was most likely tailor-made extra in direction of rural Georgia now unexpectedly turns into an Atlanta-area concern,” she mentioned.

Gillespie cautioned that different points, corresponding to inflation, crime, and abortion, are more likely to be extra motivating to Georgia voters.

Wellstar, primarily based in suburban Marietta, acquired AMC and the East Level hospital from Tenet Healthcare during an acquisition push in 2016, a part of a $575 million deal that included three different hospitals within the metro area.

Todd Greene, previously a member of Wellstar’s neighborhood board for AMC, mentioned the system put extra sources into its suburban services.

“Wellstar’s suburban hospital-oriented administration strategy sadly has resulted in massive parts of Atlanta’s black and brown communities not getting access to proximate and important well being care companies,” he mentioned in a written assertion.

In Wellstar’s announcement of the closure, it mentioned it had invested greater than $350 million in capital enhancements on the facility since 2016 and sustained “$107 million in losses in simply the final 12 months, amid reducing income and rising prices for workers and provides because of hovering inflation.”

The choice to shut the hospital didn’t come as a shock to some workers members, mentioned Dr. Sulieman Wazeerud-Din, an emergency medication doctor on the hospital, who mentioned docs “had been conscious of monetary losses.”

However the abrupt announcement triggered a profound sense of grief amongst docs, nurses, and different nonmedical staff, he mentioned.

Within the days for the reason that closure announcement, Grady has provided jobs to a spread of Atlanta Medical Middle staff, from physicians and nurses to housekeeping and safety staffers.

David Patton has lived in Atlanta’s Outdated Fourth Ward for 30 years and mentioned Atlanta Medical Middle has been a giant a part of his life.

His grandfather died in a nursing house on the campus, he has gotten care on the ER, and his son took swimming classes on the hospital’s athletic membership, all whereas he has seen the neighborhood rework from a “forgotten” a part of the town to at least one that’s turn out to be a lightning rod for brand spanking new growth.

“It boggles my thoughts that an establishment like that will simply shut down just about in a single day,” he mentioned.

KHN (Kaiser Well being Information) is a nationwide newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about well being points. Along with Coverage Evaluation and Polling, KHN is without doubt one of the three main working packages at KFF (Kaiser Household Basis). KFF is an endowed nonprofit group offering data on well being points to the nation.

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