As a toddler rising up in San Jose, California, Marta Segura heard horrific tales from her mother and father about girls fainting on the manufacturing unit traces and males overheating within the farm fields. They didn’t know these jobs uncovered them to life-threatening situations.
Then, it hit dwelling.
“My dad, himself, obtained actually sick one time and nearly died,” mentioned Segura, 58, the daughter of a bracero and a cannery employee. “That resonated with me as a child.”
Segura, who serves as director of Los Angeles’ Climate Emergency Mobilization Office within the Division of Public Works, was given a second title this month: chief warmth officer, the town’s first. She joins plenty of warmth officers all over the world as cities from Athens, Greece, to Santiago, Chile, start to coordinate a greater response to excessive warmth and develop sustainable cooling methods. Phoenix and Miami are the one different U.S. cities with warmth officers.
As Los Angeles continues to expertise extra frequent heat waves, Segura will work throughout metropolis departments to assist create an early-warning system for warmth waves and develop long-term methods to scale back warmth publicity, reminiscent of planting timber and updating constructing codes. Her workplace may also launch a social media campaign in July in English and Spanish.
Excessive climate may cause cramps, stroke, and warmth exhaustion. Excessive warmth contributed to the deaths of round 12,000 individuals within the U.S. annually from 2010 to 2020, based on a research by the College of Washington. These figures are more likely to rise.
Low-income, majority-minority neighborhoods expertise considerably extra warmth than wealthier, whiter neighborhoods, according to researchers from the College of California-San Diego’s Faculty of World Coverage and Technique. The analysis exhibits that floor temperatures in communities with greater charges of poverty might be as much as 7 levels Fahrenheit hotter, in contrast with the richest neighborhoods, throughout summer time.
“Neighborhoods in South Los Angeles ship an extra 20 to 30 individuals to the emergency room on warmth days in comparison with 2 further individuals from wealthier neighborhoods,” mentioned Dr. David Eisenman, director of the Middle for Public Well being and Disasters at UCLA. Eisenman will work with Segura to establish climate-vulnerable communities.
Segura, 58, takes her new job as state lawmakers take into account increasing warmth warnings. Assembly Bill 2076 would set up California’s first chief warmth officer place and create a statewide extreme-heat and group resilience program. Assembly Bill 2238 would create the nation’s first warning system for warmth waves, simply as current methods warn of different pure disasters reminiscent of wildfires, tornadoes, and hurricanes.
KHN reporter Heidi de Marco met with Segura in her Metropolis Corridor workplace to debate her new position and the way she plans to deal with the town’s local weather threat. The interview has been edited for size and readability.
Q: Why was this place created?
We’ve seen a fivefold enhance in excessive warmth occasions and warmth waves. There are extra heat-related diseases and extra hospitalizations and deaths.
There are two objectives. The primary is modifications to the system — the providers and the infrastructure of the town. The opposite is schooling and consciousness — that folks know that excessive warmth is extra critical to allow them to take steps to guard themselves.
We’re tackling schooling with an extreme-heat marketing campaign that can launch July 1. When it comes to altering the system and providers, the town is portray the roofs and roads with white, cool[ing] paint, planting extra timber for optimum shade in weak communities.
Q: You may be working to scale back heat-related hospitalizations and deaths, in addition to working with totally different metropolis companies to implement a warmth motion plan. How will that work?
We’re already discussing updating our constructing codes for decarbonization and local weather adaptation.
The opposite strategy is thru public works. For instance, putting in extra shade buildings, extra kiosks, particularly for metro and bus transportation furnishings. They’re additionally putting in extra hydration stations.
So if you add that to our public amenities — parks, libraries, youth facilities, that are all accessible in the course of the day — you’ve gotten a number of alternatives to inform individuals the place to go within the occasion of a warmth storm or warmth wave.
Q: How do you propose to deal with inequality?
It retains me up at night time. Addressing probably the most weak group isn’t out of charity. And it isn’t due to ethical causes. It’s as a result of if we don’t assist probably the most weak communities of Los Angeles, that are over 50% of the inhabitants, we’re not going to get to our local weather options.
Landlords are much less more likely to put money into warmth pumps or different air con methods as a result of that may solely elevate the lease and the lease would displace people. So we’d like a coverage within the metropolis of L.A. that forestalls displacement and helps in some methods to subsidize these low-income housing models or discover financing buildings that enable landlords to have the ability to make investments and maintain our households wholesome and protected.
Q: Is there a selected problem in messaging to immigrant communities?
I believe what I discovered in my household is we are inclined to have the radio on as we go about our work. So it’s going to be necessary to make use of radio. It’s additionally going to be necessary to make use of textual content messaging providers, like WhatsApp.
We wish to be sure that to get this data out to employers, so we most likely have to provide you with culturally related communications. It’s an evolving marketing campaign.
Q: What sort of finances are you working with?
We might be allocating roughly 30% of our finances to heat-risk prevention work, and though our finances will not be massive, our influence on different associate departments, reminiscent of public works and the emergency administration division, is critical.
We are able to’t have a look at my finances in a silo for the reason that council has directed us to work collaboratively to mix the respective components of our budgets for heat-risk prevention. Nevertheless, I can say that my workplace might be doubling in dimension, from 4 to eight [employees], and it will give us the leverage and sources we have to make the sort of influence the town of L.A. seeks to make in the long term.
Q: How do you propose to deal with the homeless group?
What we truly want to have are extra pop-up models, the place we now have canopies and hydration.
In order that’s a dialog I’m having with our deputy mayor of homelessness and housing in order that we will coordinate collectively. And that’s an excellent instance of one thing that my workplace can’t do alone as a result of I want their experience and their allotted sources to make sure that we’re offering the most effective accessible complete sources for the town.
Q: You’re the first Latina to carry such a place in the US. How does that really feel?
It’s vital as a result of [Latinos] have been struggling disproportionately from local weather hazards for a really very long time, and we haven’t had positions like this up to now. In the event that they see somebody from their group, or that appears like they’re from their group, that speaks their language, that culturally pertains to them, that has had comparable experiences, I believe it makes a giant distinction, proper?