News Scan for Apr 18, 2022

Extending time between mRNA COVID vaccine doses might enhance efficacy

COVID-19 mRNA vaccine effectiveness (VE) in opposition to an infection was 5% to 7% greater when the 2 main doses got a minimum of 7 weeks relatively than 3 to five weeks aside, in accordance with an observational examine of hospital and neighborhood healthcare staff (HCWs) in British Columbia revealed late final week in Open Discussion board Infectious Ailments.

Researchers from the BC Centre for Illness Management, Communicable Ailments and Immunization Providers used a test-negative design to guage the percentages of vaccination in HCWs and controls matched in a 6:1 ratio to COVID-19 check date. mRNA vaccination was thought of receipt of the primary dose 21 or extra days earlier than the check date or the second dose a minimum of 14 days earlier than.

Checks have been carried out from Jan 17 to Oct 2, 2021, a span that included the dominance of the Delta variant. Imply follow-up was 49 days for the single-dose group and 89 days for two-dose recipients. Over 80% of HCWs have been ladies, and controls have been a couple of decade older than instances. Amongst vaccinated HCWs, 92% of single-dose and 83% of two-dose recipients got the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine.

Of all vaccinees, 1,265 obtained one dose of COVID-19 vaccine, whereas 1,246 obtained two. Amongst two-dose recipients, 12% obtained their second dose 3 to five weeks after the primary, whereas 31% did so at 6 weeks, and 58% at 7 or extra weeks. Over the examine interval, Canada’s Nationwide Advisory Committee on Immunization modified advisable dosing intervals, starting from 3 to 4 weeks to 16 weeks, as circumstances developed.

After adjustment, mRNA VE in opposition to an infection was 71% for one dose at a median of seven weeks and 90% for 2 doses at 13 weeks. Seven months after the second dose, VE was nonetheless larger than 80%. Two-dose VE was persistently 5% to 7% greater when given a minimum of 7 weeks aside than after a 3- to 5-week interval.

The examine authors stated the findings did not recommend marked waning immunity, even within the Delta period. “Such safety might have been facilitated by the Canadian choice to increase the interval between first and second doses, reinforcing that possibility in different jurisdictions or for future cohorts within the context of vaccine provide constraints and/or the place pressing top-up of already substantial one-dose safety is much less urgent,” they wrote.
Apr 15 Open Discussion board Infect Dis study


Worldwide COVID-19 deaths elevated 6% on weekends amid pandemic

A worldwide evaluation of practically 6 million COVID-19 deaths over 2 years reveals that 6% extra occurred on weekends than on weekdays in all international locations besides Germany, in accordance with knowledge to be offered on the annual congress of the European Society of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Ailments (ESCMID) Apr 23 to 26 in Portugal.

A College of Toronto researcher led the examine, which concerned evaluation of all world COVID-19 deaths recorded within the World Well being Group (WHO) COVID-19 database from Mar 7, 2020, to Mar 7, 2022. The staff additionally evaluated deaths within the 10 international locations with the very best COVID-19 infections: America, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Russia, India, Brazil, and Canada.

On common, 449 extra individuals (8,532 vs 8,083) died per day on weekends than on weekdays, equal to a 6% relative enhance (95% confidence interval, 3% to eight%). The best absolute will increase have been in Brazil (1,061 vs 823 [29%]), america (1,483 vs 1,220 deaths [22%]), Canada (56 vs 48 [17%]), and the UK (239 vs 215 [11%]). Solely Germany noticed fewer deaths on the weekends relative to weekdays (137 vs 87 deaths).

The rise was notably massive on Sundays relative to Mondays (8,850 vs 7,219) and Fridays vs Mondays (9,086 vs 7,219).

The examine authors stated the upper weekend dying charge might have been resulting from decrease hospital effectivity, uneven staffing ranges, a special mixture of personnel experience, variable hours, decreased capability, or delays in reporting. “The obvious elevated COVID-19 deaths reported on weekends may confound projections and create a false sense of safety on subsequent weekdays,” they wrote.

The weekend enhance was evident all through the pandemic, no matter pandemic severity. “What’s extra, our findings recommend that this downside just isn’t resolving regardless of improved well being system efficiency and consciousness over the course of the pandemic,” lead creator Fizza Manzoor, MD, stated in an ESCMID press launch.

She added, “Bureaucratic delays on weekends alone don’t clarify why there are fewer documented COVID-19 deaths on Mondays in comparison with Fridays, and reporting lags alone can not clarify why the rise in weekend deaths was so substantial within the USA and never seen in Germany.”
Apr 5 study data and poster
Apr 17 ESCMID press release

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