News Scan for Oct 06, 2022

CDC points Ebola alert for clinicians, officers announce airport screening

The US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC) urged clinicians to think about Ebola and different viral hemorrhagic fever sickness within the workup of people that have signs of the ailments and to right away take a journey historical past with a watch towards figuring out those that have been in components of Uganda affected by the current Ebola Sudan outbreak.

In a Well being Alert Community (HAN) discover, the CDC mentioned no suspected, possible, or confirmed circumstances have been reported in the USA. It mentioned Uganda’s outbreak is proscribed to 5 districts within the central a part of the nation, with none confirmed from Kampala or the journey hub metropolis of Entebbe. The CDC added that there aren’t any direct flights to the USA from Uganda, however vacationers from or passing by way of affected components of Uganda can enter the USA on flights from different international locations.

Early consideration of Ebola is necessary for offering immediate affected person care and stopping virus unfold, the CDC mentioned. On Twitter at present, Rochelle Walensky, MD, MPH, mentioned CDC workers are on the bottom in Uganda supporting the outbreak response.

The CDC mentioned the outbreak is going on in the identical location as Uganda’s final outbreak involving the Sudan pressure in 2012. Up to now, 44 lab-confirmed circumstances have been reported. The variety of deaths in confirmed sufferers is 10. There are 18 possible circumstances, based mostly on earlier reviews, and 20 possible deaths.

Additionally, the US authorities at present introduced that each one US-bound passengers who’ve been in Uganda in the course of the previous 21 days will should be routed by way of one in every of 5 airports for enhanced screening. The places are Newark, Atlanta, Chicago, or Washington, DC. In a press release, the US Embassy in Uganda mentioned authorities it was taking the step out of an abundance of warning and that the home threat is low. Within the early days of the COVID pandemic, the federal government took comparable steps to funnel individuals from high-risk nation to sure airports for enhanced screening.
Oct 6 CDC HAN notice
Oct 6 Walensky
Oct 6 US Embassy statement


As much as 88% of sub-Saharan African adolescents COVID-19 vaccine-hesitant

A 2021 survey revealed yesterday in PLOS International Public Well being finds COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy of as much as 88% amongst adolescents in some sub-Saharan international locations, principally due to considerations about vaccine security and effectiveness.

A crew led by George Mason College researchers fielded the survey through computer-assisted cellphone interviewing in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, and Tanzania from July to December 2021. The survey was a follow-up to at least one carried out with the identical respondents in July to November 2020.

Respondents included about 300 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years from randomly chosen households in a rural and concrete space in every nation however Ghana, which included solely a rural space, for a complete of two,662.

The speed of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, outlined as declining or being undecided about vaccination, was 14% in rural Kersa, Ethiopia; 23% in rural Ibadan, Nigeria; 31% in rural Nouna, Burkina Faso; 32% in city Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso; 37% in city Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 48% in rural Kintampo, Ghana; 65% in city Lagos, Nigeria; 76% in city Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; and 88% in rural Dodoma, Tanzania.

Regardless of the confirmed security and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines, the highest causes for vaccine hesitancy have been considerations about vaccine security (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR], 3.52) and effectiveness (aPR, 3.46). The individuals most definitely to affect vaccine willingness have been healthcare employees, dad and mom or members of the family, and schoolteachers.

The research authors famous that whereas adolescents are much less doubtless than adults to develop extreme COVID-19, they will nonetheless unfold the virus, and a few do change into severely unwell and develop problems. In sub-Saharan Africa, adolescents aged 10 to 19 years make up 23% of the inhabitants, making vaccination of this group all of the extra essential.

“Due to this fact, getting COVID-19 vaccines into the arms of adolescents is essential for Africa to realize the World Well being Group’s goal of 70% COVID-19 vaccination protection by mid-2022,” they wrote. “Additional, adolescents could function brokers of advocacy that encourage their members of the family and mates to get vaccinated. COVID-19 vaccination campaigns amongst sub-Saharan African adolescents ought to deal with their considerations and misconceptions about vaccine security and effectiveness.”
Oct 5 PLOS Glob Public Well being study


New Mexico reviews its first avian flu outbreak in a poultry flock

The US Division of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Well being Inspection Service (APHIS) at present introduced that extremely pathogenic avian influenza within the present outbreak has been recognized for the primary time in New Mexico poultry, elevating the variety of affected states to 41. The virus had not been reported earlier in New Mexico’s wild birds.

In a press release, it mentioned the virus was present in a yard flock in Bernalillo County, which surrounds Albuquerque. In keeping with the APHIS outbreak replace web page, the flock has 40 birds.

In associated developments, 9 states reported extra outbreaks in poultry, principally involving yard birds. Nonetheless, three reported outbreaks in business flocks, together with California (layers, geese, turkeys) and Nebraska (gamebirds).

States reporting extra outbreaks in yard birds embody Alaska (Matanuska Susitna County), Connecticut (New Haven County), Montana (Glacier County), Pennsylvania (Berks, Monroe, and Westmoreland counties), Nebraska (Field Butte County), Michigan (Tuscola County), Ohio (Portage County), and Utah (Cache County).

Up to now, outbreaks involving the Eurasian pressure have led to the lack of greater than 47 million birds throughout 41 states.

In associated developments, APHIS reported 96 extra H5N1 detections in wild birds, bringing the full to 2,746. The reviews have been from a number of states, principally involving waterfowl. A number of of the detections concerned hunter-harvested birds from Oklahoma.
Oct 6 USDA APHIS statement
USDA APHIS poultry
avian influenza updates
USDA APHIS wild fowl
avian influenza updates

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