A general surgeon is referred to as a physician who has acquired education and training in diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative treatment of patient care. The surgeons perform surgeries that need knowledge of anatomy, immunology, emergency and intensive care, metabolism, pathology, nutrition, shock, and resuscitation, wound healing, and physiology. Following are some medical procedure that a general surgeon performs –
- Core Breast Biopsy
It helps general surgeons diagnose any abnormalities in the breasts. This procedure is under one hour with the help of ¼ inch incisions. This is performed in the after with local anesthesia, and there are no stitches involved. This is an alternative procedure that a general surgeon performs in place of an open surgical biopsy, which can result in breast disfigurement and leave scars .
- Sclerotherapy and Ultrasound-Guided Sclerotherapy
The former is a simple injection of a compound that is inserted into the vein that causes the vein to shut down completely. Once the vein shuts down, the body will absorb the blood completely. Using advanced ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy, the general surgeon inserts the injected into deeper veins that are not visible on the surface but are resulting in spider or varicose veins. The vascular ultrasound determines the vessel and enables the surgeon to be precise with injections.
- VNUS Closure
There are around 25 million people who suffer from symptoms related to superficial venous reflux and varicose veins. The general surgeon performs VNUS Closure as an alternative to a minimally invasive substitute for vein stripping. In contrast to stripping, the patients will experience minimal pain. After the procedure, the patients will be able to resume their daily routine quickly.
- Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
This is another every commonly performed procedure by a general surgeon. The procedure involves removing the gallbladder, which stores a small amount of bile, which is used after having a fatty meal. But when the gallbladder forms stones, it generally results in bloating and pain. These are signs indicating serious complications like bile duct blockage.
It is among the common ailment suffered by men as well as women. It generally occurs at the age of 30, but one can experience it at any age. These are swollen veins around the anus that tend to stretch due to excessive pressure. When the veins swell, they are known as haemorrhoids. In some cases, these veins are present within the rectum, known as internal haemorrhoids, and the ones around the anus skin are called external haemorrhoids.
- Colon Cancer Surgery
Colon and rectal cancers, in some cases, can be treated by surgically removing the tumour. However, in some advanced cases, the treatment may include chemotherapy or radiation. Colon cancer can rapidly develop and without any warning. It can be detected with routine screening colonoscopy. When detected earlier, there is a higher cure rate for this cancer.
Above are a handful of surgeries that a general surgeon is trained to perform. From treating skin lesions to advanced health issues like colectomies, these surgeons perform an extensive range of procedures centring on soft tissues.
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